Skip to Content. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors.
Back to Health A to Z. Leukaemia is cancer of the white blood cells. Acute leukaemia means it progresses quickly and aggressively, and usually requires immediate treatment.
Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow.
The DNA genetic material of a developing stem cell in the bone marrow is damaged. This damaged cell becomes a leukemic cell and multiplies into billions of cells called leukemic blasts. As a result, the number of healthy blood cells red cells, white cells and platelets is usually lower than normal.
Cancer starts when cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. There are many kinds of cancer. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer.
Acute myeloid leukemia is a life-threatening disease in which the cells that normally develop into neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, and monocytes become cancerous and rapidly replace normal cells in the bone marrow. People may be tired or pale, may be easily susceptible to infection and fever, and may bruise or bleed easily. Treatment includes chemotherapy to achieve remission plus additional chemotherapy to avoid relapse and sometimes stem cell transplantation.
Acute myeloid leukemia is also called acute myelocytic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, or sometimes just AML. It is most common in older people. Learn about the risk factors for acute myeloid leukemia and what you might be able to do to help lower your risk.
Acute myeloid leukemia AML is cancer that starts inside bone marrow. This is the soft tissue in the center of bones that helps form all blood cells. The cancer grows from cells that would normally turn into white blood cells.